Carl Lindström GmbH matrices (Electrola / Odeon / Columbia / Imperial)

Objective

This article is about post-WWII vinyl pressings from the Carl Lindström GmbH.
It deals with German matrix references and the cat# systems of the German Electrola family of labels, specifically Electrola, Odeon, Columbia, Imperial (2), MGM Records and Capitol Records. Also featured are the contract pressing matrices and those from other countries.

An ongoing discussion is found here: Carl Lindström GmbH Knowledge Thread

Please do not add any codes/numbers as LCCN cat# for Carl Lindström GmbH.

Some historical facts about the Carl Lindström companies

The Carl Lindström GmbH was the recording, mastering, vinyl pressing and cassette duplication company for the German Electrola labels. Electrola was responsible for A&R, marketing and distribution.
However, the Lindström matrix system dates back to the early days of the Carl Lindström A.-G., which was creating matrices for the respective international EMI owned labels. Even though largely given up during / after WW II, the matrix system more or less lived on for the worldwide EMI labels. See below a list for international matrices.

Basic timeline for the Carl Lindström GmbH

  • Established 1951 (effective 26 November 1951) in Berlin and located at Schlesische Strasse.
  • In September 1953 it moved to Cologne-Braunsfeld, sharing premises with the Electrola Gesellschaft mbH at Maarweg 149.
  • Effective 30 November 1972, both companies were merged by EMI Ltd. to form EMI Electrola GmbH.

Matrices explained

The numbers are master recording numbers, primarily indicating the location of the recording and the ordering label.
Example: A matrix "7 XBA 10880" was recorded in Italy for HMV but it will be found on all world-wide releases (HMV UK, HMV Spain, Electrola Germany, etc.).

Pressing was usually done locally, based on waxes, lacquers, or master tapes (the latter used since 1949).

The local companies reserved codes and / or matrix numbers for local repertoire and for foreign repertoire. That's why German Beatles on Odeon often have 7 XBE 50xxxx numbers (UK repertoire but a newly assembled tracklist, unique for Germany).

The German Matrix System

The matrix system for the Electrola inhouse labels is as follows:
1. Format and channel prefix
2. German label identifier
3. Matrix number
4. Cut number

where:
1. Format and channel prefixes are:
7 T = 7" (17 cm) EP, Mono, 45
7 X = 7" (17 cm), Mono, 45
7 Y = 7" (17 cm), Stereo, 45

0 X = 10" (25 cm), Mono, 33
0 Y = 10" (25 cm), Stereo, 33

2 X = 12" (30 cm), Mono, LP
2 Y = 12" (30 cm), Stereo, LP

Notes:
- Only appears on Electrola releases. Columbia and Odeon have differing characteristics.

2. German label identifiers are:
AV = RCA
BE = Odeon
CR = Columbia
KC = Imperial
RA = Electrola
SM = MGM Records

3. The matrix number has
1 to 5 digits

Notes:
- The numbers are usually (but not necessarily!) sequential on releases.
- 1 and 2 digits denote re-releases from Shellac repertoire.
- 3 and 4 digits denote German artists and repertoire.
- 5#### numbers indicate takeovers from foreign repertoire.

4. The cut number is
usually -1, -2, or higher (on both sides).

The matrix prefixes can be decomposed into:
0 XRA = Electrola 10", 33, Mono
0 YRA = Electrola 10", 33, Stereo
2 XRA = Electrola LP, Mono
2 YRA = Electrola LP, Stereo
7 TRA = Electrola 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TYRA = Electrola 7", EP, 45, Stereo
7 XRA = Electrola 7", 45, Mono

7 TBE = Odeon 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TYBE = Odeon 7", EP, 45, Stereo
7 XBE = Odeon 7", 45, Mono
XBE = Odeon (and also Imperial) 10", 33, Mono
XBEX = Odeon LP, Mono
YBEX = Odeon LP, Mono

2 XCR = Columbia LP, Mono
7 TCR = Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TYCR = Columbia 7", EP, 45, Stereo
7 XCR = Columbia 7", 45, Mono
XR = Columbia 10", 33, Mono
YR = Columbia 10", 33, Stereo

7 XSM = MGM 7", 45, Mono
7 TSM = MGM 7", EP, 45, Mono

7 XKC = Imperial 7", 45, Mono
7 TKC = Imperial 7", EP, 45, Mono
XKC = Imperial 10", 33, Mono

7 XAV = RCA 7”, 45, Mono

Capitol Records

Capitol was distributed and pressed by TELDEC until December 1956. Since 1 January 1957 Electrola distributed Capitol, so that is also when Lindström started to press the records. Lindström took over the Capitol matrix system, CAP-45 ##### from Teldec Press and only changed the cat# system from Telefunken's CF to Electrola's F. From April 1960 onwards the cat# system was changed to K ## ###.

MGM Records

MGM records were pressed from 1953 until September 1959 (and then went to Deutsche Grammophon), using a Lindström specific matrix sytem.

Cornet Records

Cornet was distributed and pressed since 1966. Not being an Electrola label, Lindström applied a different matrix system, using COR ####, where #### is identical with the cat. no. This lasted until ~1971 (then pressing was transferred to Sonopress).

German Matrix Examples:

7 XAV 135: RCA 7”, 45 rpm, Mono
7 XCR 2010: Columbia 7”, 45 rpm, Mono, own repertoire
7 TCR 50008: Columbia 7”, EP, 45 rpm, Mono, foreign repertoire
7 TYCR 50238: Columbia 7”, EP, 45 rpm, Stereo, foreign repertoire
7 XBE 1207: Odeon 7”, 45 rpm, Mono, own repertoire
7 TBE 50014: Odeon 7”, EP, 45 rpm, Mono, foreign repertoire
7 TYBE 50079: Odeon 7”, EP, 45 rpm, Stereo, foreign repertoire
7 TRA 50084: Electrola 7", EP, 45 rpm, Mono, foreign repertoire
7 TYRA 1594: Electrola 7", EP, 45 rpm, Stereo, own repertoire
7 XRA 3119: Electrola 7", 45 rpm, Mono, own repertoire
CAP 45-20174: Capitol 7", 45 rpm
F1-20054: Capitol 7" EP, 45 rpm
COR 3005: Cornet 7", 45 rpm

Exceptional examples:
7 XCR 50449-1 / 7 XCA 32217-2 (combination of German and Austrian matrix)
7 XBE 2299-1 / 7 XBE 996-2 (combination of new release with earlier release)
I-45-59083 A / 7 XRA 50064-1 (combination of 2 foreign repertoire releases)

Contract pressings

Between 1960 and 1972 for non-Electrola labels, e.g. Deutscher Schallplatten-Club, Impression, Fono-Ring, Schwann, etc.
7 PAL (7”)
10 PAL (10", Mono)
12 PAL (12", 33 1/3)

followed by 4 unique stamper digits, ascending by side (e.g. 1815 on side A and 1816 on side B),

followed by
-SM: Stereo but also Mono playable
-ST: Full stereo
(no suffix indicates a Mono release).

In 1972 this system was replaced with
7 F 60.#### for 7"s
F 60.### for 12"s.

The German 7" cat# schemes

The various Electrola labels all had their own distinct cat# methodology. However, the overall system changed four times:
1) December 1955: introduction of 17 (Electrola) / 27 (Columbia) / 37 (Odeon) as cat# prefixes
2) April 1957: introduction of 45-EG (Electrola) / 45-O (Odeon) / 45-DW (Columbia) as cat# prefixes
3) September 1958: the system is unified to E / O / C as prefixes, followed by 5 digits. Stereo releases appear as STE / SME (Electrola), STO / SMO (Odeon), STC / SMC (Columbia)
4) April 1969: the system is unified to the global EMI methodology. All releases now start with 1C.

Electrola

7 MW 101 to 124: RCA releases, 1954 - February 1956 --> then the repertoire moved to TELDEC
7 MW 501 to 654: December 1954 - September 1956
7 MW 17-7610 to 8669: December 1955 - April 1957
45-EG 1 to 4: Verve releases, 1957 only
45-EG 8670 to 8849: April 1957 - August 1958
45-EG 7xxxx: 1958 only
E 20 001 and higher: September 1958 - March 1969
1C: since April 1969

Odeon

OBL 1000 to 1110: 1954 – September 1956
OBL 37-28109 to 37-29100: December 1955 to April 1957
45-O 26xxx: 1957 only
45-O 29101 to 29195: April 1957 - August 1958
O 20 450 and higher: September 1958 - March 1969
1C: since April 1969

Columbia

SCMW 101 to 125: Columbia, foreign repertoire - 1953 - March 1954
SCMW 501 to 554: March 1954 - April 1957
SCMW 27-5500 to 5565: December 1955 - April 1957
45-DW 5560 to 5663: April 1957 - August 1958
C 20 301 and higher: September 1958 - March 1969
1C: Since April 1969

M-G-M

SP 1001 to 1181: March 1954 - April 1957
SPW 181 to 188: 1956 only
45-MGM 189 to 197: April 1957 - August 1958
M 20 660: September 1958 - September 1959, then represented by Deutsche Grammophon.

Imperial

IPE 1001 to 1025: 1957 - August 1958
J 40 550: September 1958 - 1960
Note: The J is in fact a capital I (as in Imperial) but was chosen to avoid confusion with the numeral 1.

Capitol

F 3509 to F 4302: January 1957 - March 1960 (lower 3xxx numbers were also released later)
K 21 411: April 1960 - March 1969
1C: Since April 1969

International codes

International 7" codes

7 AR: France Odeon 7", 45, Mono
7 ARE: France Odeon 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 AXPA: Australia Parlophone, 7", 45, Mono
7 CHI: Chile Odeon 7", 45, own repertoire
7 E: Italy Parlophone, 7", 45, EP, Mono
7 TAN: New Zealand HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TAV: Italy HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCA: UK Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCB: Italy Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCC: Denmark Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCE: UK Parlophone 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCEA: South Africa Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCEI: India Columbia, 7", EP, 45, Mono (< # 6500) ~1965
7 TCEI: Hongkong Columbia, 7", EP, 45, Mono (> # 6499) ~1965
7 TCF: Holland Columbia, 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCG: Greece Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCHA: Austria Columbia, 7", EP, 45, Mono, own repertoire
7 TCK: Spain Columbia / Regal 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCKP: Pakistan Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCL: France Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCLB: Belgium Columbia, 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCLN : Norway Odeon, 7", 45, Mono
7 TCM: UK Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCN: Norway Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCO: UK Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCP: Portugal Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCS: Denmark, HMV, 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TCVO: Lebanon Parlophone, 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TEA: UK HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TFA: Holland HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TGA: Geece HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TGO: Greece Odeon 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TGZ: Switzerland Odeon 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TKA: Spain HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TKP: Denmark Odeon, 7", 45, EP, Mono
7 TLA: France HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TLB: Belgium HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TPA: Hongkong Pathé, 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TPC: Portugal HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TPEI: India Parlophone, 7", 45, EP, Mono (- 1965)
7 TPEI: Hongkong Odeon, 7", 45, EP, Mono (> 1965)
7 TPL: Austria Parlophone, 7", 45, EP, Mono
7 TS: Sweden Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TSB: Sweden HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TST: Sweden Odeon, 7", 45, EP, Mono
7 TVH: Austria HMV, 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TZ: Switzerland Columbia 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 TZA: Switzerland HMV 7", EP, 45, Mono
7 X: Italy Parlophone, 7", 45, Mono
7 XAA: Australia HMV, 7", 45, Mono
7 XAN: New Zealand HMV, 7", 45, Mono
7 XAPA: Australia Parlophone, 7" EP, 45, Mono
7 XAR: Greece Apollon, 7", 45
7 XAV: UK HMV, 7", 45, Mono
7 XBA: Italy HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XCA: UK Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCB: Italy Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCC: Denmark Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCE: UK Parlophone 7", 45, Mono
7 XCEA: South Africa Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCEI: India Columbia, 7", 45, Mono (< # 5000) ~1965
7 XCEI: Hongkong Columbia, 7", 45, Mono (> # 4999) ~1965
7 XCF: Holland Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCG: Geece Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCH: Austria Columbia, 7", 45, Mono, foreign repertoire
7 XCHA: Austria Columbia, 7", 45, Mono, own repertoire
7 XCHI: Chile Odeon, 7", EP, 45, Mono, foreign repertoire
7 XCK: Spain Columbia / Regal, 7", 45, Mono
7 XCL: France Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCLB: Belgium Columbia, 7", 45, Mono
7 XCLN: Norway Odeon, 7", 45, Mono
7 XCM: France Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCN: Norway Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCO: Turkey Odeon 7", 45, Mono
7 XCP: Portugal Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XCS: Denmark HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XCT: Australia Columbia, 7", 45, Mono
7 XCVO: LB Parlophone, 7", 45, Mono
7 XCWN: New Zealand Columbia, 7", 45, Mono
7 XEA: UK HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XEF: UK / Lebanon HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XFA: Holland HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XGA: Greece HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XGO: Greece Odeon 7", 45, Mono
7 XKA: Spain HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XKP: Denmark Odeon, 7", 45, Mono
7 XLA: France HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XLB: Belgium HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XLV: France HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XPA: Hongkong Pathé, 7", 45, Mono
7 XPC: Portugal HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XPEI: India Parlophone, 7", 45, Mono (- 1965)
7 XPEI: Hongkong Odeon, 7", 45, Mono (> 1965)
7 XRR: UK Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XS: Sweden Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XSB: Sweden HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 XSIN: Singapore HMV, 7", 45, Mono
7 XST: Sweden Odeon, 7", 45, Mono
7 XTZ: Turkey Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XVH: Austria HMV, 7", 45, Mono
7 XWN: New Zealand Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XZ: Switzerland Columbia 7", 45, Mono
7 XZA: Switzerland HMV 7", 45, Mono
7 YCE: UK Parlophone 7", 45, Stereo

International 10" codes

0 XAA: Australia HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 XAV: UK HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 XCS: Denmark HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 XEA: UK HMV 10", 33, Mono
0 XFA: Holland HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 XLA: France HMV 10", 33, Mono
0 XLV: France HMV 10", 33, Mono
0 XSB: Sweden HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 XVH: Austria HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 XZA: Switzerland HMV, 10", 33, Mono
0 YCS: Denmark HMV, 10", 33, Stereo
X: Italy Parlophone, 10", Mono
XA: UK Columbia, 10", Mono
XB: Italy Columbia 10", 33, Mono
XCEI: India Columbia, 10", Mono
XCF: Holland Columbia, 10", 33, Mono
XE: UK Parlophone, 10", 33, Mono
XPA: Australia Parlophone, 10", 33, Mono
XPEI: India Odeon 10", Mono
XZ: Switzerland Columbia, 10", Mono

International LP codes

2 XAA: Australia HMV, LP, Mono
2 XAV: UK HMV, LP, Mono
2 XBA: Italy HMV LP, Mono
2 XCS: Denmark HMV, LP, Mono
2 XEA: UK HMV, LP, Mono
2 XFA: Holland HMV, LP, Mono
2 XJE: India HMV, LP, Mono
2 XLA: France HMV LP, Mono
2 XLB: Belgium HMV, LP, Mono
2 XLV: France HMV LP, Mono
2 XRA: Germany Columbia, LP, Mono
2 XSB: Sweden HMV, LP, Mono
2 XVH: Austria HMV, LP, Mono
2 XZA: Switzerland HMV, LP, Mono
2 YAA: Australia HMV, LP, Stereo
2 YBA: Italy HMV LP, Stereo
2 YCS: Denmark HMV, LP, Stereo
2 YEA: UK HMV, LP, Stereo
2 YFA: Holland HMV, LP, Stereo
2 YJE: India HMV, LP, Stereo
2 YRA: Australia Columbia, LP, Stereo
XAPAX: Australia Parlophone, LP, Mono
XAX: UK Columbia, LP, Mono
XBX: Italy Columbia LP, Mono
XCEIX: India Columbia, LP, Mono
XCFX: Holland Columbia, LP, Mono
XCHIX: Chile Odeon, LP, Mono
XCLBX: Belgium Columbia, LP, Mono
XCSX: Sweden Columbia, LP, Mono
XCTX: Australia Columbia, LP, Mono
XEX: UK Parlophone, LP, Mono
XHAX: Austria Columbia, LP, Mono
XLX: France Columbia, LP, Mono
XRX: UK HMV, LP, Mono
XSTX: Sweden Odeon, LP, Mono
XSTXS: Sweden Odeon, LP, Stereo
XZX: Switzerland Columbia, LP, Mono
YAPAX: Australia Parlophone, LP, Stereo
YAX: UK Columbia, LP, Stereo
YBX: Italy Columbia LP, Stereo
YCEIX: India Columbia, LP, Stereo
YCFX: Holland Columbia, LP, Stereo
YCHIX: Chile Odeon, LP, Stereo
YEX: UK Parlophone, LP, Stereo
YHAX: Austria Columbia, LP, Stereo
YLX: France Columbia, LP, Stereo
YMX: Hongkong Columbia LP, Stereo
YRX: UK HMV, LP, Stereo

The project

This is a work in progress project - new findings will be added here as they occur.
Please do not add any codes/numbers as LCCN cat# for Carl Lindström GmbH.

Analysis and Sources

The analysis is based on a research of over 6'000 7", 10" and 12" records, using the runout descriptions and/or images from various sources (the matrices are usually also present on the labels). All findings were and are discussed with persons having a thorough knowledge about Electrola, partially stemming from working for the company or having original label catalogues or the records.
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